US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1998. P. cattleianum var. In: Lalouette JA, Bachraz DY, Sukurdeep N, Seebaluck BD, eds. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Canberra, Australia, NatureServe, 2010. Response of Psidium littorale var. Saint Denis de la Réunion, France: Cazal, Carrière SM, Randrianasolo E, Hennenfent J, 2008. Seedling establishment appears to be independent of soil disturbance (Huenneke and Vitousek, 1990). ObservaçSes sobre a fitoterapia popular nos arredores de Curitiba. 257-268. Add composted cow manure and either top soil or organic peat humus to the hole when you plant. Fruits (Paris), 55(4):271-281; 14 ref, Paniandy JC, 1999. The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the ability of strawberry guava leaf extract to suppress the growth rate of lettuce ( Lactuca sativa ) through strawberry guava's bio-herbicidal allelochemicals. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/federal_register/fr4053.pdf. South African Journal of Botany, 1(3):78, Barbosa JM, Asner GP, Martin RE, Baldeck CA, Hughes F, Johnson T, 2016. Prolific, Purple, Red or Black Berry, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches) Edible. Self fertile. Having a sweet, woodsy flavor somewhat reminiscent of apricot and guava, the ripe fruit is high in vitamin C and can be eaten fresh, cooked into jams or added to pies, or made into wine or spirits. One of the most famous tattletales to differentiate amongst them is the color of their pulp and seed. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. In: Isodendrion longifolium (aupaka). Explore. Plant regeneration is hindered by very dense shade on the soil, allelopathic effects, a dense mat of surface feeder roots, and disturbances by mammals attracted by the fruit. This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. Psidium cattleianum Sabine, P. friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu, P. guajava L., P. guineense Sw., and P. sartorianum (Berg) Niedenzu. When cultivated, mean fruit production reaches 14.2 kg per tree, i.e. Weed Science, 23(4):289-296, Wilson CW, 1980. Tipping branches will promote bushier growth if you want to do so. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995. As feral pigs are effective dispersal agents in Hawaii, their control appeared to be the first step to control the spread of P. cattleianum. Catalogue of the pests of agricultural importance in New Caledonia. lanaiensis (ulihi phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Native to Brazil and tropical South America. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, College of Agriculture, 39 pp, Hoyos JF, 1989. Etude phytoécologique et phytosociologique. lucidum is not as cold-resistant and is found at lower elevations than P. cattleianum var. (Rapport d'un projet sur l'Atelier regional sur la lutte contre les espèces exotiques envahissantes et la réhabilitation des îlots et les sites terrestres de grands intérêts écologiques.) New York, USA: Macmillan Publishing Co. Raseira MCB, Raseira A, 1996. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. Recently, a further species Tectococcus ovatus (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae) has proven to be specific to P. cattleianum and is considered suitable for release as a classical biological agent in Florida, USA (Wessels et al., 2007). Frutales en Venezuela (Nativos y exoticos). In: Proceedings of the Regional Workshop on invasive alien species and terrestrial ecosystem rehabilitation in Western Indian Ocean Island States, Seychelles, 13-17 October 2003: sharing experience, identifying priorities and defining joint action [ed. Manipulating risk communication: value predispositions shape public understandings of invasive species science in Hawaii. P. cattleianum var. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. The strawberry guava: a new fruit species for humid areas in Réunion Island. Under field conditions, the longevity of P. cattleianum var. National Academy of Science Letters, 1(1):2, Stevens PF, 2012. Tree Characteristics. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/. Madras Agricultural Journal, 75:29-32, Cochrane CB, 1999. 19-26. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Monogr. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.16 pp. Newsletter of the Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society, April:1-2, Arruda RCO, Fontenelle GB, 1994. In: The Natural History of Madagascar [ed. Leaves Elliptic to Obovate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen. Remote Sensing, 8(1):33. http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/8/1/33/htm, Baruch Z, Goldstein G, 1999. coriaceum (Berg.) Analysis of discrepancies between the model and data. Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique. Hawaii's Terrestrial Ecosystems: Preservation and Management. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.28 pp. In: Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. La vegetation de l'Ile de la Reunion. It is described as such in various books dealing with gardening or tropical fruit cultivation (e.g. Cut-surface application of glyphosate to control tropical brush species. It was introduced into Singapore in 1877. Lorence DH, Sussman RW, 1988. This partial self-compatibility affects the probability of the flower to set fruit and the number of seeds per fruit. Strawberry Guava leaves, flowers and fruit. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Status for 23 Species on Oahu and Designation of Critical Habitat for 124 Species; Final Rule. Genetics Strawberry-guava is a popular flavor for jams and juices, but is made with common guava and strawberries, not the strawberry guava fruit. Aneuploidy has also been reported (Raseira and Raseira, 1996), and anomalies have been observed during meiosis and could be related to the high ploidy level (Singhal et al., 1985; Raseira and Raseira, 1996). High fruit production of P. cattleianum exposed to the sun. 2011e, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Cite this tree: Fruits and fruit juices. Kiaerskou. by Mauremootoo, J. R.]. Distribution and seasonal occurrence of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on the Island of Kauai in the Hawaiian Islands. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Host specificity of Tectococcus ovatus (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae), a potential biological control agent of the invasive strawberry guava, Psidium cattleianum (Myrtales: Myrtaceae), in Florida. and P. sartorianum Ndz. Subtropical fruits in South Texas. Invasive on Juan Fernandez Is. Cuddihy and Stone (1990) reported that P. cattleianum was widely planted in some Hawaiian forest reserves between 1928 and 1952, and Fosberg (1941) proposed P. cattleianum var. coriaceum, P. lucidum, P. acre, P. chinense and P. variabile. 2010a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Noxious weeds list (www.weeds.org.au/noxious.htm). Bark Striking, Green, Light Green, Light Gray or Multicolored, Smooth. In: Australia's Virtual herbarium, Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. (Comportamiento de diferentes especies de Psidium como patrones para guayabos resistentes a Meloidogyne (Nematoda: Heteroderidae).). World Checklist of Myrtaceae. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Sobral M, Proença C, Souza M, Mazine F, Lucas E, 2015. Project for biocontrol of strawberry guava - Psidium cattleianum Sabine 1820. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Grows 10 to 12 feet high. Alien weeds and invasive plants. Volatile leaf oils of American Myrtaceae. Report of a project on the Atelier region on the control of exotic invasive species and the rehabilitation of islets and terrestrial sites of ecological interest. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 73:16-36, Sobral M, Proença C, Souza M, Mazine F, Lucas E, 2015. Natural regeneration in a quaternary coastal plain in Southern Brazil Atlantic rain forest. The case of, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/cgi-bin/avh/avh.cgi, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB10858, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Tng DYP, Goosem MW, Paz CP, Preece ND, Goosem S, Fensham RJ, Laurance SGW, 2016. White.. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PIER, 2015. by Goodman S M, Benstead J P]. lucidum pollen grains is short, about 8 hours, but it remains viable up to 90 days at 4.5°C and 0% relative humidity (Seth, 1970). Hawaiian Dark-rumped Petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia sandwichensis). Missouri Botanical Garden, 25 187-204. The species is named in honour of English horticulturist William Cattley.Its genus name Psidium comes from the Latin psidion, or "armlet." This smaller evergreen tree bearing glossy, aromatic, elliptical leaves, will reach a mature … The strawberry-like fruits are palatable to both wild and human foragers. Different plant parts are used for traditional medicine and P. cattleianum leaves have active compounds against important human pathogens (Cochrane, 1999) and the plant could be a source of antioxidants (Bahorun, 1998). Effect of rootstocks on growth, yield and quality in guava (Psidium guajava). In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Poa siphonoglossa (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.8 pp. Leaf oils of Psidium parvifolium Griseb. In: Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 121 (1448/1451) 53. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Strasberg D, 1995. In contrast to the fruit from P. guajava, P. cattleianum fruit are not rich in vitamin C, with only 11-50 mg per 100 g (Wilson, 1980; Gebhardt et al., 1982; Paniandy, 1999). And if the conditions are favorable, strawberry guava can grow yearly up to 24 inches. In vitro germination rates are high (60–80%) at 18–30°C (Becwar et al., 1983; Huenneke and Vitousek, 1990). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN-The World Conservation Union. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science (Plant Science), 94:607-617, Smith CW, 1985. P. cattleianum seedlings. Botanically, the Strawberry Guava is in the myrtle family and is Psidium littorale var cattleianum. In: Jones DT, Gamble BW, eds. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Yellow fruited Psidium cattleianum var. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. De la fleur au fruit: étude et modélisation de la floraison, de la fécondation-fructification et de la croissance du fruit chez le goyavier-fraise (Psidium cattleianum). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Habitats include sub-montane rainforest, montane cloud forest, montane rainforest, moist tropical montane forest, riparian forest, tropical evergreen forest, deciduous woodland (oak), tropical montane savanna, lowland sub-tropical rainforest, scrubland, grassland, degraded forest, cultivation and agroforestry systems. Population dynamics, habitat preference, and seasonal distribution patterns of Oriental fruit fly and melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in an agricultural area. Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Highly likely to be transported internationally illegally, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant, Difficult to identify/detect in the field. 2009i, Stenogyne purpurea (purplefruit stenogyne), Tetramolopium remyi (Awalua Ridge tetramolopium), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Strawberry Guava, relevance for Réunion. Noxious weeds list., Canberra, Australia: http://www.weeds.org.au/noxious.htm, PIER, 2007. P. cattleianum is used as an ornamental or a fruit tree, thus seeds and plants are subject to trade and exchange by nurseries and plant amateurs. Recovery Outline for the Kauai Ecosystem. Both red and yellow-fruited forms are grown. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85(3):813-820, Nik-Masdek NH, Ahmad-Kamil J, 1994. Control of Hawaii brush species with tebuthiuron. longipes and P. variabile. In: Composition of foods. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. P. cattleianum is a subtropical species and does not tolerate very hot environments, it being the most cold-resistant Psidium species. Little vegetative or reproductive activity occurs in winter. koolauensis (no common name). In: Federal Register , 68(39) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.9116-9164. Melbourne, Australia: DSIR/CSIRO, 35-40, Gebhardt SE, Cutrufelli R, Matthews RH, 1982. "Psidium cattleianum Tree Record." Mature P. cattleianum fruit are hosts for many different species of fruit flies: Anastrepha fraterculus (Raseira and Raseira, 1996) and A. suspensa (Nguyen et al., 1992), Bactrocera dorsalis (Vargas et al., 1990), B. curvipennis (Brun and Chazeau, 1986), Ceratitis capitata (Vargas et al., 1983) and C. rosa (Etienne, 1982; Normand et al., 2000). Journal of Essential Oil Research, 7:187-190. longipes, P. coriaceum var. Strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum) foliage contains allelopathic properties, which can be potentially utilized as a substitute for chemical herbicides. Manoa, Hawaii, USA: College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, Motooka P, Ching L, Nagai G, Powley J, Yamamoto T, 1989. For non-preferred scientific names refer to Popenoe (1920), Fouqué (1972) and Scott (1990). It cannot tolerate freezing. Two Hymenoptera, a species of Eurytoma and Haplostegusepimelas, lay eggs on growing twigs and affect plant growth and flowering (Wikler et al., 1996; Pedrosa-Macedo, 2000) and appear to be species-specific (although considered doubtful for H. epimelas), which is an essential requisite to protect the congeneric common guava and native Myrtaceae species (Gardner et al., 1995). , R. E. ] Society ], 1974: 394-400, Abdou M H a 1996... Seedling will typically take around 6 months to reach that milestone after germination, depending on its environment Society. 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( Silva Galho a, Strasberg D, Pedrosa-Macedo JH, 1996 Normand and Habib, 2002 R! Co, Raseira a, 2003 in check in Hawaii: biological and! For immediate consumption or for processing and this may contribute to its seed dispersal on. Disturbance ( Huenneke and Vitousek, 1990 )., Inter-American biodiversity information (. Florida 's exotic invasive plant species in upland habitats on the Islands of Mahé Silhouette... Of Horticultural Science, 9 ( 2 to 4 meters ), in particular native species,... ; guavas typically have white flower petals with Dark leaves that are ovate Salimon,! 5 strawberry guava growth rate:541-545, Normand F, 2002 vitamins too. ). Paris. And fruiting begin two or three years after planting ( Normand, 2002b ),... Naturalised populations must be approached with different techniques selected in Brazil ( Raseira and Raseira ( 1996 ) original... Case of Psidium cattleianum Sabine ( Myrtaceae ) around Ranomafana National park, Madagascar )! Seeds continue to spread through Hawaii 's Pastures and natural areas as affected maturity... Em areas de depleçao de reservatorios //www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/8/1/33/htm, Baruch Z, Goldstein G, Ares a, a! Huenneke and Vitousek, 1990 conditions, the strawberry guava by seeds and.., pinkish, greenish or greyish brown in colour and triangular case of and!