A rule to follow is if a picture cannot be displayed in their office space or barracks room, the photos should not be posted online because the effects are the same, including the ramifications of such behaviors. The history of warfare is replete with examples of technological advances driven by military necessity, finding solutions to the most difficult real-world problems. Department of the Army Equal Opportunity Branch, Professionalization of Online Conduct, ALARACT 014/2017, (Washington, D.C.: Department of the Army Equal Opportunity Branch, February 26, 2017). Violations of the punitive provisions by military personnel can result in prosecution under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ).Violations of the punitive provisions by civilian personnel may result in disciplinary action without regard to the issue of criminal liability. Contact Us | 913-684-2127. Political conversations can cause a backlash on social media and at work. Wars occur both between nations and within nations, when two or more factions engage in armed conflict. Dasol Choi). (U.S. Army photo by Cpl. Therefore, they should be mindful of their posts, ensuring they remain within the Army's standard of good order and discipline. Top 10 Social Issues in America. Life after the military can pose many challenges to veterans and family members. Five Reasons for Endorsing a Strong, but Non-Specific Commitment to . While everything seems wonderful and picture-perfect, many military children face hidden struggles behind the scenes.. 4 Problems Military Children Face That Aren’t Talked About Making the Case for Strategic Landpower. The Army does not allow Soldiers to display inappropriate posters in their barracks room or office space; however, social media allows everyone to post pictures and videos to their heart's desire. Leaders are calling on servicemembers, Department of Defense (DoD) employees and families to take a more proactive role in social media. With this in mind, the use of social media has its challenges and benefits. Moreover, leaders should continue to model the right behaviors for young Soldiers to emulate. Deadly conflict that targets both population centers and military targets. Military identifying information such as rank, name, and movement dates should not be posted online in addition to equipment types and capabilities. ETHICAL AND SOCIAL ISSUES IN MILITARY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT . Racial integration of the Army was not easy, either—it had more than its fair share of stutters and missteps, from social isolation to all-black units to segregated facilities. Military social workers play an integral role in helping them connect to the care and support they need. )8P>glá6 u@ä "Article 134. Social experimentation accelerates the de m oralization of the military and promises to change the culture in disturbing ways. Journal of Military Learning Submission Guide, Future Warfare Writing Program Submission Guidelines, Military History Instruction Support Team, 290 Stimson Ave. Involve, or appear to involve, the improper use of grade or position for personal gain. As the recent Fitbit's geotagging security issue demonstrated, Soldiers' locations can be found online through geotagging. Although some of it is caused by combat or related stress, the effects of Military Sexual Trauma (MST) have an outsized effect on women. This aligns with previous research to the same effect, in particular a report published in the U.S. Army War College Quarterly, Parameters: “The Case for Megacities.” The authors make the case that, “The Army must co… In addition to these challenges and benefits, there are several disadvantages, including operations security violations, the risk to family safety, and misconduct as a poor reflection on the Army. DARPA asked for prin-ciples that could inform its practice. With veterans and military families, “meeting clients where they are” may require additional training, and social workers are preparing to address this challenge. Department of the Army, "The Victory Standard," Fort Riley Standards Book (Washington, D.C. Department of the Army, 2016) 21. All relationships between Soldiers of different grade are prohibited if they: Finally, social media increases the chances for copyright infringement. Developing a culture where Soldiers understand social media's limitations are paramount to overall understanding and appreciation of these platforms. War is “sustained armed conflict” that causes “large-scale loss of life or extreme material destruction” (Worrell, 2011, p. 1). For example, to continue improving the fighting force, the Army can solicit and use Soldiers' suggestions to develop systems and processes or Soldiers can instantly communicate and support Army messaging to friends, family, and the general population. Social workers in all branches of the military are helping families and military personnel prepare for, and cope with, the hardships of war. ... and words and ideas and thoughts on what we would call social media. Misconduct will affect how people view the Army and the mindset of potential recruits and their family members. The U.S. service chiefs discusses challenges facing the U.S. military. Soldiers may be tempted to express personal views on the country's political climate, which could lead to violations of the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Social workers offer a particular skills set and knowledge base that is beneficial, if not indispensable, to veterans who may return from war with a host of challenges. Spoken words may echo before fading over time; however, social media posts last forever, even after deletion. Terrorists may follow Soldiers online to aggregate information for future attacks. Lindy Kyzer, who was the U.S. Army’s social media manager from 2008 to … In particular, disrespecting the U.S. president through posts, memes, and videos is a violation of the UCMJ.1, Article 88 of the UCMJ states, "Any commissioned officer who uses contemptuous words against the President, the Vice President, Congress, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of a military department, the Secretary of Transportation, or the Governor or legislature of any State, Territory, Commonwealth, or possession in which he is on duty or present shall be punished as a court-martial may direct."2. Gaining a better understanding of the specific nature of these risks, variables that increase those risks, and most importantly, factors that increase coping and resiliency, is critical. These specialized social workers support military personnel facing deployment and the anxiety of active duty and veterans coping with the physical and psychological effects upon … The Office of the Chief of [Army] Public Affairs explains operations security is a primary concern as social media increases in popularity. It only takes one person to repost and reopen a wound. The Army benefits from social media because it gives Soldiers a voice on a wide variety of topics. The issues are less military than political. Equally important is access to support groups, which enables Soldiers to receive help. While there are several challenges for Soldiers using social media, there are also many benefits. Thieves could follow Soldiers' social media posts to determine exactly when to rob a home or lay-in-wait for malicious intent. The US Army’s premier multimedia organization that focuses on advancing the ideas and insights military professionals need to lead and succeed. For instance, a former member of the author's previous unit was able to receive mental health support after posting what seemed to be a suicide note on Facebook. By James Webb. Concentration camps. Army Regulation 600-20, Army Command Policy, section 4-14b, states: Soldiers of different grades must be cognizant that their interactions do not create an actual or clearly predictable perception of undue familiarity between an officer and an enlisted Soldier, or between an NCO and a junior-enlisted Soldier. Soldiers need to be smart and learn from their mistakes. Military sociology is the sociological study of the military. Veterans are served well by social workers’ person-in-environment perspective and their ability to solve multi-factor problems. On the other hand, benefits include social connections with family, friends, support groups, and networking opportunities with professional organizations. To assist in operational, personal, and family security, the geotagging function should be disabled on the social media platform in use. This is how the public often sees military children. From our article: Focusing on a Solution for PTSD in Women Veterans. These joyful homecoming images are broadcast on the news, shared on social media and printed in newspapers and magazines.. Enlisted Soldiers who make derogatory or disrespectful statements about political leaders may violate Article 134 of the UCMJ when they make these comments on a social media site. Fear the promise of transformative, leap-ahead, game-changing, and revolutionary technological solutions. Veterans who suffer from isolation, with little to no meaningful social connections, are particularly prone to suicide, especially during transitional periods – such as separation from the military, according to a University of Southern California study. The Soldier's friend immediately contacted the chain of command who then located and provided assistance to the Soldier. But as … But flawed standards and imperfect implementation are not good reasons to scrap worthy policies. Unit posts should keep Soldiers and their families informed without creating an environment that promotes or supports action without military bearing. Of the many hurdles military veterans face in America today, they name adjusting back to everyday life as the most significant challenge. ... right. Female veterans have myriad underaddressed, gender-related concerns from their time in the military that follow them after discharge. 3. hÞbb’f`b``Ťa€ ²¥ endstream endobj 110 0 obj <>/Metadata 29 0 R/Pages 28 0 R/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 111 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 423.0 630.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 112 0 obj <>stream As more women serve in the military, the rates of PTSD in women veterans continue to keep pace with male statistics. Compromise, or appear to compromise, the integrity of supervisory authority or the chain of command. No doubt, the United States is a powerful country in the world today. Contempt toward Officials," Uniform Code of Military Justice website, accessed 11 May 2018. Pomeroy Brenton, "Time to Engage in Social Media," Military Review, March 23, 2017. There are some of the prominent ones that are affecting the world indirectly. Women’s issues, such as equality of rights, privileges, and pay-packages similar to those of men, are some of the gender-specific social issues which are faced by American women. S. Army, Army Command Policy, AR 600-20 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, November 6, 2014). The key to individual success is thinking before posting. Create an actual or clearly predictable adverse impact on discipline, authority, morale, or the ability of the command to accomplish its mission. In 2015, the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command Analysis Center published its Gender Integration Study.2The research team conducting the study looked to the U.S. Army Sergeants Major Academy and to the senior noncommissioned officer corps to help identify risks that may come with female integration into combat arms. General Article," Uniform Code of Military Justice website, accessed 18 May 2018. Maintaining personal connections with family, friends, and support groups are bonuses of social media. The Office of the Chief of [Army] Public Affairs explains operations security is a primary concern as social media increases in popularity.10 Habits of posting one's location through geotagging, which shares the location of the user in real time, could lead to OPSEC violations and jeopardize missions. Dr. Susan … Soldiers of different ranks and positions should wait until they are no longer assigned to the same immediate chain of command (battalion-level) before friending each other on social media, if at all. Social problems Absence of alternatives. List the types of problems that military veterans often face. To use copyright protected material which displays a protection message, contact the owner to request permission to use the material or continue searching for fair use material and give credit where it is due.8. "3, Because social media provide a seemingly anonymous platform for freedom of speech and openness, Soldiers may find themselves reverting to personal politics, resulting in potential discrimination based on race, color, gender, religion, national origin, or sexual orientation. The list of social issues in the United States is getting lengthier day by day. Answer A social problem is a condition that at least some people in a community view as being undesirable. In addition to maintaining contact with friends and family, access to and networking with professionals and their organizations is another benefit of social media. Large-Scale Combat Operations Book Set Call for Papers, New Extended Battlefield - Multi-Domain Operations, Battles of the Korean War Virtual Staff Rides, Army Historian - Additional Skill Identifier 5X, Fit to Be Spied: Fitness Trackers and OPSEC Risks, http://www.ucmj.us/sub-chapter-10-punitive-articles/888-article-88-contempt-toward-officials, http://www.ucmj.us/sub-chapter-10-punitive-articles/934-article-134-general-article, https://www.army.mil/e2/downloads/rv7/socialmedia/ALARACT_075_2017_professionalization_of_online_conduct.pdf, https://www.army.mil/e2/downloads/rv7/socialmedia/alaract_014_2017_professionalization_of_online_conduct.pdf, http://www.riley.army.mil/Portals/0/Docs/Units/1ID/TheVictoryStandard_2016.pdf, https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r600_20.pdf, http://info.legalzoom.com/internet-images-copyrighted-24225.html, http://www.armyupress.army.mil/Journals/Military-Review/Online-Exclusive/2017-Online-Exclusive-Articles/Time-to-Engage-in-Social-Media/, http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a549468.pdf. Nóu °=׸djLp¯b{ë7o•[ç”>MÈt™ìÊ|Ôâ²8Gâi•e¢¶,}€Æ1 DoDD 5500.7, Standards of Conduct, provides guidance to military personnel on standards of conduct and ethics. The Real Problem with America's Military. The event’s panelists, including social work professors and veterans Carl Castro and Kim Finney and Kristen Kavanaugh, MSW ‘12, executive director of Military Acceptance Project, expanded on Hoge’s points and provided practical tips and examples on the myriad and unique transitional issues service members experience. The dogs lay in peaceful repose on the Old Main 100 floor as Wartburg College students filed into Military Families and Subcultures, a first-of-its-kind course in Iowa. While some material is available for fair use, an owner may elect to protect their property or material. Aug. 18, 1993; ... causing less problems off-base and pumping more money into foreign economies. Professional relationships become inappropriate when conversations stray from the original purpose of a unit's social media platform. Those serious discussions, among communities and government and even the workplace, can help lead to big changes. Total war. Soldiers should know the protection status of information, images, and videos they post. Victoria McGrath, "How to Know if Internet Images Are Copyrighted," Legal Zoom website. By communicating with friends and family through chat, pictures, and videos, Soldiers relieve stress. Soldiers raised in a social media environment may not have the necessary proficiency to maintain face-to-face conversations, but face-to-face communication is important when explaining major points and soliciting feedback in real-time. Individual misconduct reflects poorly on Army values, discipline, and culture. What Are Social Problems? Our recommendations asserted that Military-connected children and youth are clearly at-risk for social, emotional and behavioral health concerns. The U.S. military didn't immediately respond to a request for comment about its social media policies. More importantly, they should learn from the mistakes of others. Military-industrial complex. Article 134 of the UCMJ states, "Though not specifically mentioned in this chapter, all disorders and neglects to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the armed forces, all conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the armed forces, and crimes and offenses not capital, of which persons subject to this chapter may be guilty, shall be taken cognizance of by a general, special or summary court-martial, according to the nature and degree of the offense, and shall be punished at the discretion of that court. Furthermore, the research team conducted a feasibility assessment to evaluate the risks associated with … 18 No. These services provide Soldiers with hiring opportunities and help save money while job-hunting. According to Gen. Milley, “we’re going to have to, as we move forward in the next 10 years, optimize the army for urban warfare.” Battles in open terrain will increasingly be a thing of the past, as vast urbanization in developing countries is driving the majority of the world’s population into cities. The Army cannot function on electronic communication alone, leaders must address communication challenges with their Soldiers before they become problems. Addressing Ethical and Social Issues in Military R&D. ¦ettt4€Í® ² ¶ Understanding social issues in America is the first step toward a serious discussion about them. H‰\’Ínƒ0€ï. There are numerous websites and other online resources allowing Soldiers to post resumes and share information with potential employers. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 66027 Maintaining a social media presence is typical of today's Soldiers, so it is important for them to abide by Army policies. "Article 88. Throughout 2010-2011 CMR organized and coordinated activities of the Military Culture Coalition (MCC), a network of organizations concerned about military/social issues, including rights of … Plans to put women and mothers in … For some, returning to civilian life may feel like another battle that poses a variety of challenges that must not only be fought, but also understood and accepted in order to be successfully overcome. The Military Is Not a Social Program. Lt. Col. Scott Miller, commander of the 1st Engineer Battalion, 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, conducted a town hall via Facebook Live with “Die hard” Soldiers’ family members. The challenge here is that Soldiers may feel entitled to post pictures, videos, or whatever they choose without restriction. 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